Let's Know about Breast Cancer

Early detection

Some signs of breast cancer are—
1.New lump in the breast or underarm (armpit).
2.Thickening or swelling of part of the breast.
3.Irritation or dimpling of breast skin.
4.Redness or flaky skin in the nipple area or the breast.
5.Pulling in of the nipple or pain in the nipple area.
6.Nipple discharge other than breast milk, including blood.


Research shows that lifestyle changes can decrease the risk of breast cancer, even in women at high risk. To lower your risk:

1. Limit alcohol.
2. Don't smoke.
3. Control your weight.
4. Be physically active.
5. Breast-feed.
6. Limit dose and duration of hormone therapy.


A. Early diagnosis:
The time of diagnosis is an extremely stressful one for patients and caregivers. early diagnosis focus on providing timely access to cancer treatment by reducing barriers to care and improving access to effective diagnosis services


Breast cancer is always caused by a genetic abnormality which refers to a ‘mistake’ in the genetic material. However, only 5-10% cases of cancers are due to an abnormality inherited from one’s mother or father. Instead, 85-90% of breast cancers are due to genetic abnormalities that happen because of the aging process and the ‘wear and tear’ of life in general.
For women with a BRCA2 mutation, the risk is 69%. Breast cancer that is positive for the BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations tends to develop more often in younger women.
About 1 in 8 U.S. women (about 12%) will develop invasive breast cancer over the course of her lifetime.
On average, women with a BRCA1 mutation have up to a 72% lifetime risk of developing breast cancer.
The overall death rate from breast cancer decreased by 1.3% per year from 2013 to 2017.
Only 5-10% cases of cancers are due to an abnormality inherited from one’s mother or father.
Early menstrual periods before age 12 and starting menopause after age 55 expose women to hormones longer, raising their risk of getting breast cancer.